In Canada, health regulations are the jurisdiction of each province where Ministries of Health enact guidelines, undertake inspections and provide education to help salon establishments eliminate or mitigate the effects of communicable disease. Where no such legislation exists, salon operators are still responsible for ensuring their business includes disinfection practices that protect their staff and customers from unnecessary exposure to germs and bacteria. The following is a list of guidelines by province but salon operators should also be aware of municipal bylaws and licensing requirements that may additionally be applicable.
Health Standards and Guidelines for Barbering and Hairstyling
Alberta Health and Wellness barbering and hairstyling services have been regulated under the Public Health Act since 1925. Combs, brushes, towels and hands present a limited risk of transmission of diseases such as ringworm, head lice, herpes, staphylococcus and streptococcus. However, instruments such as razors, scissors and clippers may potentially break the skin surface and come in contact with blood and body fluids providing an opportunity for the spread of infections such as HIV and Hepatitis.
Health Standards and Guidelines for Esthetics
Health Standards and Guidelines for Esthetics outlines the health standards and guidelines for personal services which provide makeup and facials, manicures and pedicures, and body waxing. The document reviews the basic procedures used in esthetics and the infection prevention techniques that are critical in reducing the risk of disease transmission.
Operators of personal services establishments in British Columbia must comply with the Personal Services Establishment Regulation and must maintain and operate their establishments in a way that prevents health hazards from occurring. These guidelines are designed to assist operators of personal services establishments in preventing health hazards, in particular to reduce the risk of transmitting communicable diseases (ie: Hepatitis B, staph, HIV, herpes, etc.) or infestations (ie: head lice, body lice, or pubic lice) from common-use articles and sharp instruments.